FDM is the most widely available 3D printing process, mainly used for low-cost prototyping and design verification with very fast turn around times.
Benefits and Limitations
Fast turnaround times
Print layers are likely to be visible
|Price $$$$$||Tolerance ± 0.5% (min: ± 0.5 mm)|
|Turnaround time < 2 days||Wall thickness 0.8 mm|
|Max part size 100 x 100 x 100 cm||Layer height 50 - 400 μm|
FDM PLA Materials
High stiffness, good detail, affordable.
PLA (FDM) is used for low-cost, non-functional prototyping. Offers greater detail than ABS, but is more brittle. Unsuitable for high temperature applications.
Woodfill PLA (FDM) contains wood, bamboo, or cork-based pulverized material, resulting in FDM parts with a unique wood-like appearance.
Metalfill PLA (FDM) contains steel, copper, bronze or other metal particles that give parts a metallic surface finish and unique properties.
FDM ABS Materials
Commodity plastic, improved mechanical and thermal properties compared to PLA.
ABS (FDM) has good mechanical properties, with excellent impact strength, superior to PLA, but less defined details. Commonly used for enclosure prototypes.
FDM Nylon Materials
Used to substitute functional injection moulded parts, good chemical resistance.
Nylon (FDM) has superior mechanical properties than ABS and high chemical and abrasion resistance. Used for functional parts requiring high fatigue strength.
Carbon-fiber reinforced Nylon
Carbon-fibre reinforced Nylon (FDM) contains continuous carbon fibers that give extremely high stiffness and strength-to-weight ratio comparable to metal.
Carbon filled Nylon
Carbon filled Nylon (FDM) has excellent stiffness and good temperature resistance. Ranks between standard Nylon and continuous Carbon-fiber reinforced Nylon.
Kevlar-fiber reinforced Nylon
Kevlar-fiber reinforced Nylon (FDM) contains continuous kevlar fibers that give excellent mechanical properties and high abrasion and impact resistance.
Fiberglass reinforced Nylon
Fiberglass reinforced Nylon (FDM) contains continuous glass fibers that give high stiffness and excellent heat resistance. Ideal for high temperature applications.
FDM PETG Materials
Good for mechanical parts with high impact resistance and flexibility. Sterilizable.
PETG (FDM) is a thermoplastic material with improved mechanical properties over PLA and excellent chemical and moisture resistance.
FDM TPU Materials
Rubber-like material, suitable for tubes, grips, seals and gaskets.
TPU (FDM) is a rubber-like, flexible elastomer with shore hardness 60A - 95A that can bend and compress. Lacks the performance of true rubber.
FDM ASA Materials
UV stability and high chemical resistance, preferred material for outdoor applications.
ASA (FDM) has good mechanical properties, similar to ABS, with improved UV stability and high chemical resistance. Commonly used for outdoor applications.
FDM PEI Materials
Engineering plastic, high performance applications, flame retardant.
Standard PEI (ULTEM)
ULTEM (FDM) is an engineering plastic with good mechanical properties and exceptional heat, chemical and flame resistance. Suitable for top-end applications.