What is MJF?
Multi Jet Fusion (MJF) is HP’s proprietary 3D printing process.
In MJF, parts are built by jetting a binding agent onto thin layers of polymer powder particles (typically nylon) and then sintering them using an IR heat source.
MJF produces functional plastic parts with isotropic mechanical properties that can be used for detailed prototyping or end-use low-volume production.
|Choose MJF for:||Choose a different process for:|
|High-accuracy functional prototypes from engineering materials||Low-cost visual prototypes for form and fit
(choose FDM or SLA/DLP)
|Cost-effective, low-volume production of end-use parts for 10 to 300 units||Production volumes that exced the 500 units
(choose Injection molding)
|Isotropic parts with complex geometry (no need for support structures)||Parts with tight tolerances
(choose CNC machining)
Our MJF 3D printing capabilities
From prototyping to small-batch production, our global network of certified MJF 3D printing facilities will allow you to produce highly accurate parts with quality comparable to injection molding.
Upload your CAD file for a free quote and manufacturability review and get your parts into production in less than 5 minutes.
|Maximum build size *||380 x 285 x 380 mm (14.9'' x 11.2'' x 14.9'')|
|Standard lead time *||6 business days|
|Dimensional accuracy||± 0.3% with a lower limit on ± 0.3 mm (0.012'')|
|Layer thickness||100 μm|
* For expedited shipping or parts that exceed the maximum build size contact email@example.com
MJF produces parts from engineering thermoplastics. Here is the list of our standard MJF 3D printing materials.
|Nylon 12 (PA 12)||Nylon 12 is a robust thermoplastic with all-around excellent physical properties and chemical resistance, ideal for functional prototypes and end-use applications.|
|Nylon 11 (PA 11)||Nylon 11 is a bioplastic with simillar properties to Nylon 12, produced from renewable materials that are derived from vegetable oils.|
|Glass-filled Nylon (PA 12 GF)||Glass-filled nylon is reinforced with glass bead and creates parts with higher stiffness and thermal stability than standard nylon.|
Available surface finishes
Additional post processes can be applied to improve the appearance or mechanical properties of parts produced with MJF.
|Gray||As printed MJF parts are typically grey in color and have a smooth surface, without visible layers, and a powder texture.|
|Dyed (Black)||MJF parts are dyed black by immersing in a warm color bath. The color penetration reaches an approximate depth of 0.5 mm and covers all surfaces.|
|Tumble smoothing *||The parts are placed in a tumbler that contains small ceramic chips, gradually eroding its surface down to a polished injection molding-like finish.|
|Bead blasting *||Bead blasting (shot pinning) adds a uniform matte or satin surface finish on a 3D printed part, removing all layer lines.|
|Spray painting *||MJF pars can be spray painted white, black or to a specified RAL or Pantone color.|
|Watertightning *||MJF parts with wall thickness greater than 4 mm are watertight up to 20 bar without any additional post processing.|
|Metal plating *||Electroless metal plating (nickel, copper or gold) is ideal for prototypes that require a metallic appearance.|
* These finishes are available by contacting firstname.lastname@example.org
Ideal MJF applications
Our in-house manufacturing experts recommend using MJF for the following use cases.
MJF is ideal for fabricating functional prototypes from durable, chemically resistant engineering thermoplastics.
Appearance: Smooth surface
Quantity: 1 - 5 parts
MJF is cost-competitive to injection molding for low-volume manufacturing of end-use plastics parts for quantities up to 300 units.
Appearance: Injection molding-like
Quantity: 10-300 units
Design guidelines for MJF
The table below summarizes the recommended and technically feasible values for the most common features encountered in 3D printed parts.
|Unsupported walls||1.0 mm (0.040'')|
|Supported walls||0.7 mm (0.030'')|
|Minimum detail size||0.25 mm (0.010'')|
|Minimum hole size||1.0 mm (0.040'')|
|Moving parts||0.5 mm (0.020'') between moving surfaces|
|Assembly clearance||0.4 mm (0.016'') between mating surfaces|
|Maximum wall thickness||20 mm (0.8'')
For thicker parts, make them hollow and add at least two escape hole for powder removal with a min. diameter of 8 mm (0.3'').
Learn more about the process in our Knowledge Base article.